Sometimes, age-specific death counts are hard to come by. Something happened that doesn’t allow you to know how many people died in each age group, but you know the total number of people who died. So how do you account for differences in the age distribution of the population? Glad you asked!
What happens when you get rid of your outliers? Depending on which outliers and how you chose to get rid of them, nothing might happen… Or you can royally screw things up.
Have we become too dependent on the p-value being greater than or less than 0.05 in order to make our decisions? Yes. Probably. Maybe. I’m 95% confident we have…
Sometimes it’s possible to see some numbers and think that there is some sort of pattern or association there. Then we do the math and it turns out that what we saw was observed just by chance. Such is the case with this one observation seen by an anti-vaccine friendly pediatrician.